Lise Johnson is from the Columbia Center for Sustainable Investment and her work centers on analysing treaty-based investor-state arbitrations, and examining the implications those cases have for host countries' domestic policies and development strategies. In addition, she concentrates on key institutional and procedural aspects of the legal framework, including efforts to increase transparency in and legitimacy of investor-state dispute settlement. Prior to joining CCSI, she was a legal consultant for the International Institute for Sustainable Development, and a fellow at the Center for International Environmental Law. She also spent four years as a litigator at the international law firm Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, representing clients in a variety of environmental, commercial, and regulatory matters. She has a B.A. from Yale University, J.D. from University of Arizona, LL.M. from Columbia Law School, and is admitted to the bar in California.